Meanwhile, the EU member states have implemented national laws according to the Falsified Medicines Directive. But the penalties for breaking those laws vary widely from one country to another. Current penalties for falsifying medicines, APIs or excipients are imprisonment, fines and/or administrative sanctions. 26 out of 28 member states have introduced those penalties to their legislation. According to the EC, they should be effective, proportional and dissuasive.
Here are some findings described in the report:
With this variations, it is not surprising that not all experts were able to give a statement on the effectiveness of the actions taken. This makes it difficult for the EC to draw any final conclusions. The general opinion given was that at least some effect on a reduction of falsified medicines in the legal supply chain can be observed but rated administrative penalties as the most effective deterrent. In contrast, to combat illegal medicines sales criminal penalties were considered to be more effective.